Immigration Law in China
Immigration Law in ChinaUpdated on Tuesday 19th April 2016
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China has become in the last decades a world of variety, where the values of the West have entered in what it used to be an enclosed, homogenous society. After 1978, when state policies reoriented to international communication and trade, China grew to become one of the world’s leading economic powers. As such, it started to attract more foreigners, interested in moving here. If you want to live in China, our Chinese lawyers can offer you all the relevant information about the immigration laws.
Immigration Law – A Short History
Before 2012, immigrants had benefited from easy access in China, under the 1985 Law of Administration of Entrance and Exit of Foreigners. After the law’s enactment, the number of immigrants increased rapidly and, by the end of 2010, there were approximately 594.000 immigrants living in China. The most of immigrants have come from the Republic of Korea, United Stated of America, Japan, Burma and Vietnam.
2012 – New Immigration Law in China
The Chinese authorities considered that the previous immigration law did not impose high standards, so, in June 2012, at the National People’s Committee, a new law had passed: Exit and Entry Administration Law – in which it was stated, for the first time, that immigrants in China must have a certain level of education and occupational background. Our Chinese lawyers can offer you more details upon the eligibility process.
“The Three Illegals Actions” of China (San Fei)
Upon the enactment of 2012 Law, the purpose of the Chinese government was to restrict the access in the country to certain people and to combat the “Three Illegals”, namely:
• illegal entry in China,
• illegal residence in China,
• illegal work in China.
Illegal access means that a citizen living in China, having an expired visa must pay RMB (Chinese yuan) 10.000; if not, the law states that the person should be imprisoned from 3 to 60 days.
Unauthorized migrants are ineligible foreigners, who provide false documents and can be fined with RMB 5.000.
Household registration system (hukou) requires that within 24 hours upon their arrival, all immigrants are obliged to present at the local police station and register their new address; if otherwise, a penalty of RMB 2.000 will be applied. Our law firm in China can present to you the legal framework under which Chinese immigration law functions.
If you are interested in moving in China, our Chinese lawyers can help you throughout the process; please contact our law firm in China for legal representation on immigration law.